Fertility is a term that refers to the ability to conceive a child (or impregnate a female in men). The number of infertile marriages is increasing annually. It is caused by the malfunctions of the reproductive system. This matter should concern both sexes.
This concept includes the ability to conceive and carry a child. Anxiety should appear in the case if a woman under 35 years can not get pregnant after six months of a regular sex life without contraception.
Normally, a matured female egg is ready for the process of fertilization every month. It gets into the uterus through the fallopian tubes. Consequently, there is a close link between ovulation and fertility.
Female fertility depends on the way of living. Bad habits can negatively affect the ability to fertilize. Also, a lot depends on the state of the fallopian tubes and the endometrium. The most common causes of infertility are inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs, infections, including sexually transmitted ones, endometriosis. Incorrect or late treatment can lead to complications, including problems with conception.
It is important to know that male fertility depends not only on the quantity but also on the quality of sperm. Normally, it is completely renewed every 72 days. Such factors as smoking, alcohol abuse, steroids and many diseases of the genitourinary system can negatively affect the reproduction ability. If a man was diagnosed with hepatitis or diabetes, he may experience considerable difficulties with fertilization.
Another risk factor is obesity and too frequent visits to the sauna. Many experts argue that male fertility is reduced by high sexual activity. The rejected sexual intercourse is not only an unreliable method of protection, but also one of the causes of infertility.
How to check your fertility
In order to assess the state of fertility, you can do special tests. Both partners must do it. Typically, the following analyzes are recommended:
- Semen testing. This is a test that gives the possibility to explore the male ejaculate. To determine the number of spermatozoa in 1 ml of the semen. This reveals how much there is active and inactive sperm in the semen;
- Fertility forecast (for women). During an ultrasound, the number of eggs is indicated. Also, several blood tests are conducted.
There are tests that can determine male and female fertility at home. The spermogram test allows you to set the concentration of sperm in the ejaculate. There is also a fertility monitor for women, which resembles an ovulation test.
How to improve your fertility
Bad habits can negatively affect female fertility. Therefore, during the period of your active efforts to conceive a child, give up smoking and drinking. Smoking and alcohol affect the function of the ovaries, contribute to aging of the whole organism, thereby affecting your menstrual cycle and the output of eggs.
Caffeine. Scientists are still arguing about its harmful and beneficial qualities. Some say that moderate use of caffeine helps the development of estrogen while others deny this fact. Therefore, to be safe, try to reduce the level of caffeine intake to one cup per day.
Physical activity. Maintain a healthy lifestyle, do not forget about sports. But in this case, the main thing is not to overdo. Heavy loads can disrupt the metabolic processes in the female body, and then your fertility may be affected. It is better to choose such physical activities as yoga or Pilates.
Pay attention to the composition of used products, chemicals can severely disrupt ovulation and fertility in women. Recently there was published a book “The Fertility Diet”. It provides us with interesting data. For example, sweets, potatoes, white bread and other foods rich in “fast carbohydrates” prevent ovulation, while «slow carbs” and foods with a high content of iron, on the contrary, help to conceive. Also, those who plan to become a mother should eat more dairy products. This will increase the level of “the female hormone” – estrogen. As for vitamins, pay special attention to folic acid (vitamin B6) – it increases the chances to conceive. It is desirable to start taking folic acid and vitamin C (in the first phase of the cycle) and vitamins A and E (in the second) about six months before you start attempting to conceive.
These drugs include a variety of dietary supplements, as well as vitamins and minerals that help improve fertility:
- Spematon (men);
- Selenium, magnesium, and zinc;
- Vitamin C, B, folic acid.
There are special medicines that improve fertility:
- Ovulation inducers;
- Prolactin inhibitors;
- Estrogens and progestins.
All products mentioned above can be taken only after visiting a doctor.
Thus, the ability to conceive a child depends on how a man and woman live. It is possible to get rid of negligent attitude to health, bad habits, the wrong diet, sleep disorders only if a person wants. Planning a baby, women also should think about the fact that fertility gradually gets worse with age. The good age for giving birth is under 30 years. Later on, there may appear some difficulties with fertilization and child-bearing.