First Trimester of Pregnancy: Getting Used to Pregnancy

First Trimester
First Trimester of Pregnancy

Symptoms

The beginning of pregnancy, namely the first three months, is an exciting time. However, be prepared to face a number of specific difficulties, because it is the most important period for the formation and development of a fetus.

One of the signs of pregnancy – is the absence of menstruation. However, some women may confuse the spotting and vaginal bleeding with the regular period, so very often some women are not aware of their pregnancy up to the third month when you start noticing more global changes.

Also frequent urination is a common symptom for pregnant women. This is due to the fact that the growing uterus begins to put pressure on the bladder. Furthermore, you will consume and exude more fluid, due to a number of hormonal changes in your body, such as an increased amount of progesterone in the blood.

frequent urinationMoreover, there are some noticeable changes observed in the breasts of pregnant women. Often, the shape of the breast changes, it becomes heavier, sometimes you may feel a stabbing pain and your breast may ache.

Fatigue – is another sign of pregnancy. This symptom may reveal itself immediately after delayed periods, and last until the 14 -20 week. The true cure for this disease – is a frequent, deep, carefree and restful sleep.

Also, the high level of progesterone in the blood can cause constipation and dizziness in pregnant women. To avoid problems with digestion, follow proper nutrition. Consume at least 6 – 8 glasses of fluid (preferably drinking water) a day and eat plenty of fiber. It is desirable to eliminate fatty foods. Plum juice can also help to cope with constipation. Also, walk more in the fresh air and do exercises (of course, with minimal load).

What else can occur during pregnancy? Fungal infections, as well as pain in the sacral region may appear.

Nausea during the first trimester of pregnancy

NauseaOften in the early stages of pregnancy women are tormented by nausea and vomiting. About 80% of expectant mothers suffer from a constant feeling of faintness in the morning.

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One should remember that in the early weeks of pregnancy, nausea lasts around the clock.

If nausea and vomiting constantly chase you, it can cause dehydration and nutritional deficiencies, and of course, it is very dangerous. Therefore regularly drink plenty of fluid. It is better to drink often but in small portions.

Nutrition and Weight gain

Food plays an important in pregnancy. The quantity and quality of food for pregnant women depends on many factors: her age, weight, chronic diseases. All these parameters affect the selection of food and vitamins.

Gymnastics and physical exercise during pregnancy – are undoubtedly very useful. The main thing – is do not overdo. There is a great variety of special aerobic programs for pregnant women. They tend to build up the most important and necessary muscle groups, and the load is evenly distributed. In addition, exercise helps develop endurance and prepare a future mother for upcoming efforts during childbirth.

Possible complications

visit to a doctorDuring pregnancy, some bad factors may affect the outcome. There are two variants of a bad outcome- miscarriage and an ectopic pregnancy.

In any of these cases, you need the help of professionals, so do not delay a visit to a doctor or call an ambulance.

2-3 weeks of pregnancy is the first dangerous critical period. It is a time when a woman may not even know about her pregnancy. During this period, a fertilized egg is attached to the wall of the uterus.

This process may be violated due to an improper structure of the female genital organs(abnormal structure of the uterus, genital infantilism, or bicornuate uterus,); due to uterine injuries after medical abortion; uterine fibroids; scars that are left after a cesarean section.

Another cause of miscarriage in early pregnancy – is an abnormal development of a fetus. Another dangerous period is 8-12 weeks of pregnancy. During this period, the risk of miscarriage is associated with hormonal disorders in pregnant women.

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