A lot of parents want to know why birthmarks appear in children and how dangerous they are. These experiences are not groundless since there are nevi which can degenerate into malignant tumors. This can be very dangerous. Let’s consider some of the reasons for the appearance of birthmarks and their significance. In what cases is the malignancy dangerous, and is there any need to consult a doctor? What is strawberry birthmark and how to deal with it?
At What Age Do Birthmarks Appear?
The first nevi can appear during the entire growing period, but there are also some nevi with which the baby is born. These are the so-called birthmarks. The occurrence of nevi is affected by the increased formation of melanin in the derma, which accumulates in one place where moles begin to appear. The meaning of moles in human life is interpreted in different ways. Some say that if there are many of them, then the person will be happy, but the official medicine disagrees with this. Doctors recommend that you pay attention to the growth of the size and quantity of nevi. This important observation will help prevent the development of a serious illness.
Moles in children are a result of the violation of blood vessels functioning, which has ended in an intradermal hemorrhage. Such nevi are called vascular. Very rarely the baby has nevi right after birth. New birthmarks usually appear at the age of 1-2 years, then in adolescents during puberty, in women during the period of pregnancy. By the age of 30, the formation of nevi is suspended, and new ones are rare.
Causes of Birthmarks
The specific cause of birthmarks is still unknown. However, doctors have identified factors that can affect the increased melanin formation:
- radiation or excessive x-ray exposure;
- the trauma of the skin;
- weak immunity;
- hormonal changes.
Scientists have accurately established: whenever birthmarks appear, their laying takes place during the intrauterine development of the fetus. That is, children are born with birthmarks. In some babies, they are noticeable immediately after birth. In others, they become more distinct with years. The appearance of moles in children or their absence, one way or another, raises many questions in parents.
Hemangiomas are benign skin lesions. They owe their color to the bursting vessels.
Red nevi have a certain life cycle, consisting of the following stages:
- Development. The period lasts several months and ends at the age of one year;
- Stabilization. The growth of the mole ends at the age of 5;
- Involution. The mole becomes smaller, the intensity of its color decreases. The process is very slow.
Hemangiomas can be smooth and with a bumpy surface, large and small. Very often they are hanging and can grow with age.
Active thrombosis within these moles leads to a decrease in the level of platelets in the blood and, as a result, the deterioration of its coagulability.
Damage to the red nevus causes severe bleeding.
The great danger is caused by birthmarks on the head (often damaged by a hairbrush), palms and in other places where it is easy enough to disrupt them.
Only a specialist can remove such birthmarks. A laser or infrared radiation is used for this purpose. It is also recommended to show birthmarks to the doctor from time to time to confirm they are benign.
A strawberry birthmark is a soft bulge of strawberry-red color. The appearance of this kind of nevi occurs usually in the first weeks of the child’s life, but there is also an innate character. As the child grows up, strawberry birthmark can increase in size and change the color (pale) to pearl gray.
Despite the fact that the aesthetics of the appearance is deteriorating, the treatment of this neoplasm is most often not carried out. The process of treatment itself can lead to even worse consequences than its usual appearance on the skin.
A strawberry birthmark is a soft, bulging, strawberry-colored neoplasm that appears in infants during the first weeks of life or is congenital. More often strawberry birthmarks are located on the head, neck, and face. As the baby grows up, hemangiomas will also grow, but getting rid of them is not recommended since there is a high risk of dangerous consequences.
Approximately only 5% of newborns have a strawberry birthmark. Usually, it appears on the neck and face in the form of a spot of bright red color with clear outlines. Less often a strawberry birthmark appears on other parts of the body. Over time, it usually disappears. Strawberry birthmarks do not grow, but sometimes they require a surgery.
Strawberry Birthmark Is Not a Reason for Panic
When moles appear in infants, some parents begin to panic and rush to seek surgical intervention. We have already mentioned above that small moles are not dangerous. The need for examination by a specialist arises from their increased reproduction and unusual behavior (a sharp modification). Most often, doctors do not advocate the removal of birthmarks in children. The child’s body is still growing and the mole can pass by itself or at least diminish in size.
However, trauma to the birthmark can also serve as a favorable factor for its degeneration. In those cases when the birthmark locates in such places where it undergoes constant friction and squeezing, the problem of its removal should be solved in a short time together with the doctor.
Sometimes harmless-looking birthmark can carry such a danger as melanoma (malignant skin lesion). It is quite easy to determine such a mole – it grows in size. In this case, a thorough examination and consultation of experienced specialists are necessary. In most cases, it is possible to remove the tumor, and there is no risk to human life.
If you notice that a birthmark of the newborn has increased in size, then immediately consult a doctor and observe the following rules:
- Keep out of direct sunlight. Cover birthmarks with clothes and try to keep the baby in the shade.
- Do not allow the child to overheat.
- Ensure that there is no irritation in the area of the birthmark on the skin.
- Ensure that the baby does not scratch their body in the area of the mole.
- Do not let corrosive substances get on the skin (acids, alkalis, household chemicals).