Bleeding After Sex While Pregnant: Is It a Norm or Pathology?

bleeding after sex while pregnant. pregnant belly

Pregnancy is one of the most important periods in life of every woman. In order for pregnancy to flow easily and without complications, it is necessary to know exactly what can happen during this period. One of the common problems is bleeding after sex while pregnant. Why does this happen? When is it worth worrying about this type of discharge?

Bleeding during Sex while Pregnant

Blood during sex can appear even in pregnancy which proceeds without complications. Most bloody discharge can be observed in the second half of the term. Mucous membranes of the vagina become friable during this period, their sensitivity to damage increases. In the second and the third trimester, the blood supply to the uterus increases. So, even with a slight abrasion, it can bleed. Blood during sexual intercourse appears due to an increase in the sensitivity of the mucous membranes and a significant inflow of blood to the uterus during pregnancy. In this case, there is no cause for concern. In order to avoid bleeding, it is necessary:

  • to refuse intense frictions;
  • to choose poses with not deep penetration.

If after such recommendations bleeding will be repeated, then it is necessary to make an appointment with a gynecologist. Abundant blood discharge in pregnant women during sex can indicate erosion of the cervix or complications of pregnancy. Timely examination will help to avoid problems in the future.

Bleeding after Sex while Pregnant: Possible Causes

The 1st Trimester

There are many reasons that can cause bleeding after sex while pregnant. Many women often face this problem during the first trimester of pregnancy. Approximately one-third of all pregnant women in the early stages of pregnancy observe minor bleeding. But the threat of miscarriage is detected in less than half of the cases. Of course, if you notice bleeding after sex while pregnant, the best you can do is to consult your doctor.

bleeding after sex while pregnant. doctor giving prescription to woman at hospital

In this case, the nature of bleeding is of great importance. Pinkish or brown discharge may not indicate anything bad. Since at the onset of pregnancy the cervix changes, the blood supply of the small pelvis increases and sometimes a small blood vessel is damaged during sexual intercourse. But if the bleeding is intense, then you should immediately call an ambulance, since this symptom is characteristic of abruption of the placenta or miscarriage. In this case, the blood, most often, is dark red or saturated red, and the discharge is rather liquid. A dangerous symptom is if the bleeding after sex while pregnant is accompanied by painful cramping sensations in the lower abdomen or in the lumbar region. And, even if the bleeding is not intense, this can still be dangerous.

The cause of bleeding after sex while pregnant may be some gynecological diseases, for example, polyps and erosion of the cervix. With erosion of the cervix, bleeding after sex is minor. Usually the discharge is pink or bright red. Erosion of the cervix is ​​a very dangerous disease requiring treatment. But, as a rule, during pregnancy, treatment is not performed.

Blood during Pregnancy in the Second Trimester

In the second trimester, bleeding during and after sex can also occur due to erosion of the cervix, as well as in case of trauma of the vaginal mucosa. When bleeding is caused by a minor injury, you should not worry, but for the future it is recommended to choose poses with less deep penetration, and also to avoid intense frictions. In the second trimester, bleeding after sex while pregnant may occur due to low attachment of the placenta or its detachment. In this case, the bleeding is intense and poses a great danger for the life of the child and the future mother. Therefore it is necessary to immediately call an ambulance.

Bleeding in the Third Trimester

In the third trimester of pregnancy, bleeding can occur because of increased vulnerability of the cervix. In this case, as a rule, bleeding after sex while pregnant occurs in a small amount, and pain sensations are absent. At the same time, bleeding after sex while pregnant can be a sign of soon childbirth, the so-called mucous plug.bleeding after sex while pregnant. 3rd trimester

Sometimes bleeding can be a sign of a sexual infection. This may be a symptom of inflammation, or a tumor.

In any case, if you face bleeding after sex while pregnant, you should see a doctor to make sure that your health and the health of the unborn child are not under threat.

When Are Sexual Relations Contraindicated?

Pregnancy is a long period. It is not surprising that it is extremely difficult for many women to give up sex for whole 9 months. And usually it is not necessary. Just there are periods when you need to take care and give up sex for a while:

  • The threat of miscarriage. The fact is that in such a state the muscular tone of the uterus is significantly increased. So, sex can provoke premature birth or even termination of pregnancy.
  • If expectant mothers experience frequent bleeding, regardless of sex.
  • When the formation of the placenta takes place. At a time when the entrance of the uterus is closed by the placenta, sex can be the reason for its rejection, heavy bleeding and even miscarriage.
  • If the pregnant woman has uncharacteristic discharge (watery or bloody). When these symptoms occur, it is necessary to visit a doctor urgently and undergo an examination.
  • When one partner has sexually transmitted infections. Thus, sex can harm not only the mother, but also the future baby.

There are many reasons for abstinence from a sexual life. In many respects it depends on the individual characteristics of the female body and the course of pregnancy. The main indication for an intimate life is not only the state of health of the future mother, but also her desire. Your body will tell you when you can, and when you cannot have sex. If you feel fine and feel a sexual desire, then why not? But keep in mind that you need to do this very carefully.

Bleeding after Sex while Pregnant as a Reason to Worry

At the initial stage of pregnancy after sex, women may have blood in the form of a few drops or the so-called spotting. This phenomenon often occurs during pregnancy, and doctors do not classify this condition as pathological disorders. The fact is that during pregnancy, the vaginal mucosa takes on a loose structure, so its sensitivity is increased. As a result, any effect can provoke the appearance of blood. There is no reason to worry about this, because the slight bloody discharge after sex in women is not dangerous. However, if bleeding after sex while pregnant is repeated and accompanied by painful sensations, then it is necessary to make an appointment with a doctor.

bleeding after sex while pregnant. Female doctor discussing reports with patient at desk in medical office

But the abundant bleeding cannot be called a norm. Especially if the blood is of deep red color. This sign may indicate a possible threat of miscarriage. Also, a heavy discharge of blood can be a symptom of uterine erosion or other equally dangerous disorders. The timely assistance of specialists will help prevent such complications during pregnancy.

Bleeding after sex while pregnant, accompanied by discomfort and painful sensations, in the last weeks of pregnancy is also a bad sign. If, after sex, you have such symptoms, then immediately go to the gynecologist. Such a bleeding may indicate the departure of the “plug” and the onset of labor activity.

To ensure that sex brings pleasure and benefit during pregnancy, observe the following precautions:

  • Avoid sexual contact when there is a threat of miscarriage and during critical periods;
  • Choose poses with not deep penetration;
  • Give preference to slow frictions.

Bleeding after Sex while Pregnant: The Amount of Bloody Discharge

At the initial stages of pregnancy after sex blood can be allocated in the form of several droplets, or the so-called spotting. In general, doctors believe that this is not a violation of the course of pregnancy.

At the same time, quite often there are cases when there is heavy bleeding after sex while pregnant.  This is no longer an indicator of the norm. With such secretions it is also necessary to observe the color of the blood. For example, scarlet blood in medium amounts may also be a sign of norm, but saturated deep red blood is a characteristic sign of a possible miscarriage. In such a case, it is recommended to consult a doctor immediately and go through the examination.

bleeding after sex while pregnant. pregnant woman at the doctor

Similarly, spotting can be accompanied by pain, weak pulling sensations, which is very similar to the period of menstruation. Such problems are very common in the first period of pregnancy and many women often turn to gynecologists with this problem. As a rule, at this time, sex does not interfere with pregnancy and vice versa. Thus, many couples do not even think that something serious can happen.

Sometimes the pain and bleeding after sex while pregnant simply testifies about the increased tone of the uterus and the increase in its size. Therefore, do not worry if there were a few drops of blood after a sexual intercourse.

In any case, regular consultation of a doctor during pregnancy is simply necessary. Thus, problems and threats will be reduced to a minimum.

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