Blood Clots During Pregnancy: Is It Normal?

blood clots during pregnancy

It’s an obvious fact that normally the menstruation stops during pregnancy. So, that’s why any spotting and especially blood clots during pregnancy should alarm a future mum. Actually, there are some situations when the small excretion of blood clots considered being normal. But all in all, any blood clots during pregnancy should be a serious cause to consult a doctor. So, let’s see the reasons for this phenomenon and the measures to prevent it.

Blood clots in the first trimester

These are blood clots during the first three months of pregnancy. It is quite a frequent problem in the early stages of pregnancy and occurs in 20–30% of cases.

The possible reasons for it:

  • Implantation bleeding – the small blood droplets telling of implantation. It is absolutely normal but is often confused with periods because it occurs exactly at the time when menstruation is supposed to be. Quite often it leads to the improper identification of the gestation period.
  • The risk of a miscarriage – the most frequent reason for the bleeding in the early stages of pregnancy. It is about 50 % of all the bleedings in the first trimester. It can be diagnosed by bleeding from the vagina and cramping pains in the stomach. Infections (most often urinary), some medicines, dehydration, and abnormalities in embryo development can also be the reasons for a miscarriage threat.
  • An incomplete miscarriage – an excretion of blood clots from the genital tract. There are no chances to save the pregnancy in this case because the embryo is already dead.
  • There can be no symptoms at all, but quite often you can notice small blood clots, stomachaches, breast mitigation. The reason for stillbirth is often the genetic disorder of an embryo. An ultrasound and a blood test will help you to confirm the diagnosis.
  • A molar pregnancy – a wrong pregnancy development when an unformed tissue grows instead of an embryo. It could also appear in a form of bleeding in the first trimester of pregnancy. The reasons for this phenomenon are not completely understood. In most cases, a molar pregnancy isn’t dangerous for a future mum because this disease is well-treatable.

Blood clots during the final stages of pregnancy

pains because of blood clots during pregnancy

Bleeding during the final stages of pregnancy is always a symptom of some problem. And the situation can become critical after the 28th week.

The reasons for blood clots in the second and the third trimester differ from those during early stages. Most often the problems are connected with the placenta. The main of them are:

  • An abnormal location of the placenta in the uterus. It is accompanied by painless bleeding in 70% of all the cases. And in 20% of the cases is followed by cramping stomachaches. There are no any manifestations only in 10% of the cases.
  • Placental abruption. Fortunately, it is quite a rare complication. The most frequent manifestations are dark blood clots from the vagina and stomachaches. Sometimes it may be required to do a cesarean in this case.
  • A bleeding from the fetal vessels. It could be caused by the tear of an umbilical cord. The heartbeat of a baby intensifies at first and then its rate drops. Only a doctor could make a decision how to lead the pregnancy and birth further, depending on the situation.

The reasons for bleeding not connected with pregnancy

Besides the reasons mentioned above, there are some other causes of bleeding which are not connected with pregnancy:

  • The genital tract injury. For example, the breaks after sexual intercourse.
  • A cervical disease
  • Reproductive tract infections – STDs and fungal rash.
  • Hereditary diseases – such as hemophilia. But it is a rare case. Usually, a future mother knows about it long before pregnancy.

Aspirin to get rid of blood clots

aspirin to avoid blood clots

Sometimes doctors prescribe aspirin when a pregnant woman notices an appearance of blood clots. This medicine is really helpful in the case of abnormal bleeding, but it has a lot of contraindications as well. It all depends on the peculiarities of your organism. So, in no case decide by yourself and necessarily consult a doctor before taking aspirin when you’ve noticed blood clots.

The prevention of bleeding

A lot of negative factors influence on the fetus during the first trimesters of pregnancy. Moreover, don’t forget that a miscarriage often happens because of genetic abnormalities in the fetus and it doesn’t depend on you in any way.

measures to prevent blood clots during pregnancy

But still, you are able to reduce the risk of blood clots during pregnancy. Here are the measures that will help you a lot:

  • Careful preparation for the pregnancy. Treat all the diseases of reproductive organs as they are often the reason for a miscarriage and fetal
  • The calm psychological environment promotes a normal hormonal background.
  • Fresh air improves the growth and development of a future child.
  • Clean water. Try to drink only fresh, clear artesian water as it protects you against parasites which are dangerous for the fetus.
  • Gymnastics and walks in the open air heal the body and reduce the risk of any complications during pregnancy.

If you do everything mentioned above and keep in touch with your doctor you will significantly diminish the risk of blood clots emergence. And always remember that the timely treatment of minor symptoms could prevent serious diseases!

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