The female reproductive system is a very complex mechanism. And, despite all the modern medical developments that help to realize the maternal function, the basis of the birth of life is a physiological process called ovulation. And in order for a conception to occur, ovulation must necessarily happen. Therefore, many women, who are planning pregnancy wonder: what are the most favorable period for the conception? Can you get pregnant after ovulation?
Features of the Ovulatory Function of the Body
Ovulation occurs every month in all women of childbearing age. It starts with the first menstruation and ends with the advent of menopause. Already at the time of birth, the female body contains at least 1 000 000 eggs. Their place of storage is the ovaries. The oocytes begin to mature and exit from the ovary to the uterus.
The release of the female cell is preceded by the maturation of the follicle. Here the egg is born. Such a process can take up to 10-15 days. Its duration depends on the characteristics of the female cycle. After full maturation, the follicle envelope bursts, the egg cell is released and begins its movement towards the spermatozoa.
Only a week later the process of its division begins. As a result, the cell becomes a full embryo. It is from this moment it is believed that the pregnancy was safely held.
Ovulation can occur only once a month. In normal operation of the reproductive organs, it happens on the same day, usually in the middle of the menstrual cycle. The day of its occurrence is considered the best for conception. Knowing the time of your ovulation, it is possible to plan pregnancy with confidence or vice versa, not to admit it.
Significance of Ovulation
Every woman knows what a menstrual cycle is. And ovulation is one of its stages. During it a mature female cell “ready” for fertilization leaves the follicle and migrates into the abdominal cavity. Further, it falls into the fallopian tubes and the uterus. All this happens for a specific purpose. Thus, the egg looks for a meeting with the sperm. And if this happens at this stage, the probability of fertilization increases.
Every woman’s organism is individual. Therefore, the length of the menstrual cycle varies from 21 to 36 days. Consequently, the period of onset of ovulation for each woman is different. For the successful conception, the regularity and periodicity of this physiological process is important. Normal ovulation occurs around the middle of the cycle. That is, 12 to 16 days before the onset of another menstruation. If you count from the first day of the last menstrual bleeding, then this is the period from 11 to 18 days.
As soon as the egg leaves its follicle, it remains fertile only for a short time (24 hours). At the same time, the spermatozoon is more tenacious. After getting into the female body it is functionally active for 3-5 days (and in some cases up to 7 days).
How to Find Out That Ovulation Has Occurred?
There are a number of methods by which a woman can determine the day when the oocyte leaves the follicle. They include:
- special ovulation tests;
- measurement and recording of basal temperature in the diary;
- “specific” symptoms, which include:
- pulling pain, localized in the lower abdomen;
- increased sexual desire;
- weakness, nausea, fainting;
- change in the nature of vaginal secretions, which resemble egg white.
The most accurate way to “see” ovulation is ultrasound. It should be done several times. In this case, the specialist determines the maturation of the egg by the characteristic changes. However, this method is rarely used.
Is Pregnancy During Ovulation Possible?
Modern medicine claims that there is no urgent need to calculate the moment of ovulation up to the seconds. It is proved that a female cell retains its viability for about a day. Male spermatozoa stay active much longer.
If we consider ovulation as the immediate moment when the female sexual cell leaves its shelter, then fertilization is impossible at this time. After all, in order for it to happen, the ovule needs to make a certain way towards the male cell. And this takes time.
Can you Get Pregnant After Ovulation? Probability of Conception
In the next 24 hours after ovulation, the probability of conception is the highest. However, for successful fertilization, it is not necessary to have a sexual intercourse with a partner on that particular day. Those spermatozoa that got into the body of a woman 3-5 days before ovulation are also suitable. Keep in mind that male sex cells retain their viability for a couple of days, and can merge with the egg. Therefore, the answer to the question- can you get pregnant after ovulation – is most often positive.
If 24 hours has passed after ovulation, and fertilization has not happened, the egg begins to break down and perishes. And then pregnancy is no longer possible until the next cycle.
However, in some cases, fertilization occurs in those days in which, according to the calculations of a woman, it should not have happened. And there is an explanation for that.
The menstrual cycle, like the work of the entire female reproductive system, is under the control of sex hormones. And if in the work of the hormonal system failures occur, the egg can be released from the follicle on “non-scheduled” days. For example, it can happen immediately after the end of the menstruation or right before it.
- moving to another climatic or time zone;
- pathology of the gynecological sphere;
- stress and emotional overstrain;
- physical exercise;
- catarrhal diseases, viral infections;
- taking certain groups of medications;
- intoxication of the body with poisonous substances;
- the action of phytohormones;
- maturation of eggs in both ovaries on different days of the menstrual cycle.
In exceptional cases, the factors listed above interfere with the menstrual cycle so much, that ovulation occurs simultaneously with menstruation. And not knowing all these details, “safe” days can lose their status and become the days of conception. This gives rise to the erroneous opinion about the possibility of pregnancy regardless of the process of ovulation.
Can You Get Pregnant After Ovulation? How Much Time Do You Have?
Can you get pregnant after ovulation? This question bothers many women who are trying to conceive. So, keep in mind that if ovulation has passed, the chances of conceiving a child still persist. First of all, they depend on the duration of the egg life-span and the activity of male spermatozoa.
Experts say that the egg “lives” in the fallopian tubes for 12-36 hours. During this time, the probability of its fusion with the spermatozoon is maximal, about 30%. Then it decreases quite quickly. The next day this probability is already 10%. After the third day, the chance of getting pregnant practically disappears. Nevertheless, you should not adjust your intimate life to these calculations.
Excessive sexual activity does not always produce the expected results. If the partner is tired, his sperm will not have enough of the male cells capable of fertilization.
Viability of spermatozoa is about 7 days. Therefore, sexual intercourse 2-3 days before ovulation is able to give an excellent opportunity for pregnancy. Many doctors strongly recommend sexual activity during this period.
From all that has been said, it can be concluded that the most favorable moments for conception are the ovulatory day itself and several preceding days.
Is It Possible to Conceive in the Absence of Ovulation?
Doctors claim that it is impossible to get pregnant without ovulation. After all, this means that the viable and healthy eggs have not matured in the female body. As a result, sperm simply have nothing to fertilize.
If the absence of ovulation is a one-time process, i.e. in other months, everything is going according to plan and correctly, there is no need to worry. However, if the situation is repeated regularly, you need to contact a specialist. After all, we are talking about a hormonal imbalance that needs to be fixed. Sometimes the treatment is done with the help of pills. In more serious situations, special therapy is used, which is performed on certain days of the cycle.
Interesting Facts About the Ovulatory Function
Science knows of rare cases associated with ovulation and pregnancy. Sometimes women could conceive a child one week after ovulation. This happens quite rarely and belongs to the category of strange miracles. According to modern medical theories in this time interval the probability of getting pregnant is too small. In practice it is almost impossible.
Another no less surprising event can be two ovulations during one cycle. As a result, mature eggs go into the fallopian tubes in turn, on average with a two-day break. According to doctors, this phenomenon is observed after violations of the ovarian function or hormonal imbalance in the female body. At the same time, the possibility of fertilization of both eggs remains. There come two pregnancies, better known as twins pregnancy. However, this happens extremely rarely, since the second egg usually does not live to see the spermatozoon and subsequent fertilization.