A child’s temperature plays a huge role in the baby’s health. Increased body temperature is a manifestation of protective reaction to infection. However, an increase in temperature is not always associated with the disease, especially if a child is less than a year old. Note, that a child’s thermoregulatory system is still imperfect. Therefore, children can easily change the temperature of their body, depending on the activity and amount of clothing. Hence, it is easy to overcool and even easier to overheat the baby.
Daily rhythms of temperature begin to form at about the age of three. Children up to one year have characteristic features – they may have the temperature in fluctuations from 36.5 to 37.4. Moreover, it is normal, with no signs of disease. This usually happens in case of crying, screaming, anxiety, constipation, teething, rewinding, overheating, violation drinking regime and exposure to the sun, after intense movement – crawling, running and jumping.
Children react to the temperature rise in different ways – it often depends on the cause of the fever. The main signs of temperature increase are dryness of the lips and tongue, thirst; anxiety, lethargy, agitation, crying; rapid breathing and heartbeat; redness or paleness of the face and cheeks; sweating, fever and body heat.
What to do with increase of temperature?
First of all, do not panic and call a doctor. If the temperature does not rise above 38-38.5 degrees and the child feels relatively well – the temperature should not be brought down. Take into consideration, that temperature is a body protection against microbes or viruses. They cease to multiply and die at the temperature of 38 degrees. Immune system of the body activates at the same time.
Immediately call a doctor or ambulance in case of:
- fever in infant under the age of 3 months;
- body temperature above 39-39.5 in child up to one year old;
- convulsions or the propensity to it;
- tension of the neck muscles;
- noisy breathing;
- incessant crying or listlessness, child’s apathy;
- refusal to eat and drink for more than 6 hours;
- diarrhea and vomiting;
- changes of urine color, its delay;
- skin rash;
- lack of antipyretics effect.
Methods of care for a baby with fever
The most important thing you should remember is full sleep. If the child wants to sleep – do not disturb him. His body is struggling with disease, spending a lot of energy.
It is very important to try to cool the baby’s body by improvised means before giving antipyretics. Wipe the baby with a sponge soaked in warm water – it is effective to reduce the temperature. Firstly, you should wipe his face, then neck, arms, legs and finally – body. You should not wear the baby in diapers. If it is needed, offer him your breast.
Medicines to reduce the temperature
Sometimes it is necessary to use medications to reduce the temperature of a child. Children are allowed to apply only drugs based on paracetamol (from birth) or ibuprofen (from six months).