Fibroids During Pregnancy: Its Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

fibroids during pregnancy

The conception, childbearing process, and giving birth to a baby – all these are the sacraments of the female body which are often accompanied by uneasiness, troubles, and concern about the state of health of a future mom and her unborn child. Health is more important than ever now because it requires great effort and close attention to your own body to conceive a new life and nurture it.

Taking into account everything mentioned above, the state of certain female internal organs plays a vital role. So, which course will pregnancy take and is there a possibility of its positive outcome if you’ve been diagnosed with fibroids during pregnancy?

What are uterine fibroids?

First of all, there is no reason for panic. Uterine fibroids are indeed tumors, but they are non-cancerous. It won’t bring any serious harm to your health or induce cancer.

Secondly, there is often a mess with denominations. Since this tumor consists of both the conjunctive and the muscle tissues, it has different names depending on its proportions. In the majority of cases, doctors use the term “fibromyoma” because the most widespread tissue forming the tumor is muscle. The other titles are myoma and fibroma.

Thirdly, don’t even start worrying about various complications and diseases. Learn a few facts about fibroids during pregnancy first:fibroids during pregnancy - fetus and fibroid

  • The greatest likelihood of fibroids occurs in the period between 30 and 55 years of age;
  • The tumor will most probably vanish after the menopause;
  • A small tumor of such nature can be stable for a long time if there are no provoking factors (for example, an abortion);
  • There are a lot of various kinds of such tumors depending on the place, form, and cause of origin;
  • Autonomous growth of this tumor is possible because it forms hormone-sensitive ridges;
  • Fibromyoma also causes new, abnormal blood vessels to form.

In general, the risk of getting sick is high for women older than 30, especially for those who have endocrine disorders, acute or chronic gynecological problems, and also various somatic disruptions. This set of problems increases the risk of fibroids during pregnancy.

The causes and symptoms of the disease

Uterine fibroids have a few influential factors which highly increase the odds of their formation. Here are the situations when you should consider going through a thorough examination:

  • You have abortions in your medical history;
  • You are 30 years old or older, and haven’t given birth and breastfed;
  • The use of birth control, incompatible with the normal functioning of your body;
  • Chronic inflammation of genitals;
  • Stress, nervous strain;
  • Ultraviolet radiation;
  • Ovarian cysts.uterine fibroids during pregnancy

Only a medical expert can detect and diagnose uterine fibroids because the clinical picture is always different. It depends on the location and size of the tumor as well as many other factors. The first “alarm bells” – the signals of danger your body is sending – usually appear at the initial stage.

The main symptoms of fibroids are:

  • Severe disruptions in the menstrual cycle;
  • Blood-like clotty spotting;
  • Pain in the lower abdomen which has nothing to do with a period;
  • Lower back pain, reflected in the legs.

The main thing you should remember: you can’t make a diagnosis on your own. Consult a professional first.

Uterine fibroids and pregnancy

The reality of such a diagnosis is lowering the chances of getting pregnant, so, if you are trying to conceive, you’ll need to cure the fibroids. At the same time, there is still a possibility of conceiving and giving birth to a baby even in the presence of this tumor. However, there is 60% probability of complications when a woman has fibroids during pregnancy.

First of all, there can be prenatal difficulties. Here belong uterine dystrophy, bleedings, placental detachment, infringement of fibromatous nodes.

There can also be complications during childbirth. The waters of the placenta can break earlier than necessary; there can be uterine ruptures or birth abnormalities, heavy bleeding, birth canal obstruction.

Attend every appointment with your doctor if you’re diagnosed with fibroids during pregnancy. A lot of complications can be avoided, provided the doctor detects them in time. You’ll also have to undergo additional ultrasounds aimed at monitoring the tumor.fibroids and pregnancy

It’s very important to pay special attention to the delivery process, carefully choosing the clinic and personnel.


In spite of everything we’ve summed up above, pregnancy can, in fact, be the best remedy for fibroids. The tumor is most often a result of some kind of hormonal problem, and during the gestation period the female body is restoring, the hormonal background stabilizing and health in general improving. If you’re fortunate, all this can lead to the tumor stop increasing or even to its dissolving.

And, to the contrary, abortion contributes to the formation of fibroids. It’s accompanied by the release of hormones into the blood flow, which is disrupting the internal balance.

During the first months after the conception, the risk of spontaneous abortion is the highest, especially if the tumor is located not far from the placenta or its size surpasses the acceptable level. There is also the issue of hormones contained in the fibromatous nodes. They can cause spontaneous muscle contractions.

The premature placental detachment poses another threat incompatible with the unborn baby’s life. The diagnosis “fibroids during pregnancy” can sometimes cause the fetus to take a position unfit for childbirth due to the considerable size of the tumor. In this case, a C-section is recommended.

The treatment of fibroids

Dealing with such a diagnosis is quite complicated, in spite of the tumor’s dependence on the hormonal background. Unfortunately, fibroids are diverse and resist treatment.uterine fibroids treatment

There are two main methods of treating this disease: surgical and conservative.

The first one is recommended only in the case of precise diagnosis and clear medical indications for a surgery. In other cases, the situation is improved with the help of drug therapy instead of myomectomy.

Anyway, the treatment of fibroids, especially during pregnancy, should be closely monitored by a health professional.

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