During pregnancy, a lot of women complain about specific pains which are completely new to them. Hip pain during pregnancy, a sense of heaviness in the hips even at night, morning stiffness can bother a future mother for the first time in her life. What’s the matter? What should a pregnant woman know about the nature of such pain? Is it dangerous?
The causes of hip pain during pregnancy
The hormonal changes and the adjustments of your body to its new state lead to the unpleasant sensations and discomfort in various body parts, including the lower half of the torso. However, sometimes this slight discomfort turns into real excruciating pain. It can torment an expectant mom during the motion or while she is resting. The most common reasons for hip pain during pregnancy are:
A sedentary lifestyle
The course of pregnancy largely depends on the lifestyle the woman has been leading before it. Sports and other physical activities make your spine and back muscles strong, and the joints – flexible. Such preparations make it possible for the future mother to endure the stress pregnancy puts on her body, to avoid the problems connected with the shifted center of gravity.
If even before getting pregnant, the woman has suffered from osteochondrosis, bone injuries, scoliosis, osteoarthritis of the hip joint, the risk of hip pain during pregnancy is 50% higher.
Trace elements deficiency
During the childbearing process, the need for trace elements increases. It’s very important to take 1.5 g. calcium and the same amount of phosphorus per day in order to provide the baby with the elements necessary for the normal development of their skeletal system. The lack of these elements results in the metabolic disturbances, osteoporosis, and osteomalacia. But the most dangerous outcome of such a deficiency is the development of symphysis – the inflammatory process in the pubic articulation. The symptoms of this disease are pain in the hip joint and pubic bone, limping, and inability to raise the legs up.
First of all, it’s growth of the uterus. It puts pressure on the hip joints, sometimes causing a pinched sciatic nerve and the development of lumbosacral radiculitis.
Your body getting ready for childbirth
The female body prepares to give birth in advance. Pregnancy hormones are making your ligaments soft and relaxed, dissipating muscle tension, encouraging the gradual divergence of pelvic bones.
Too much physical activity when you’ve gained weight and insufficient rest induce hip pain during pregnancy.
When you are trying to find out the cause of pain in the hips, it’s necessary to take into account its localization. If the pain concentrates in the inner hips, it’s most likely related to your body preparing for childbirth and the divergence of pelvic bones. When the pain appears in the pelvic area or closer to the buttocks, perhaps, the cause of the problem is inflammation of the sciatic nerve. Pain localized in the pubic bone points to symphysis.
The kinds of hip pain during pregnancy
Hip pain during pregnancy is categorized into:
- Mechanic pain. Such pains appear in the hip joints after prolonged physical activity and cease after you have a good rest.
- Starting pain. The pain occurs at the beginning of physical activity and abates after some time.
- Night pain. The woman feels discomfort during the night, at daytime there is nothing wrong.
- Reflected pain. The pain in the hip joint is only the consequence of back or abdominal pain during pregnancy.
Hip pains during pregnancy – what to do?
When a future mom feels discomfort and pain in the hips during pregnancy, she should first of all consult with a gynecologist. After an examination, this expert can also send you to a surgeon or neurologist.
General recommendations when you experience hip pain during pregnancy are the following:
- Take vitamins and trace elements;
- Wear pregnancy belly bands;
- Change your mattress for a more comfortable one;
- Try a course of massage;
- Keep to a healthy lifestyle;
- Limit physical loads;
- Take warm baths;
- Get more fresh air.
If you’ve started feeling such discomfort a week or two before the due date, hip pain during pregnancy is the harbinger of the happy event.