Sometimes the desire to breastfeed the baby stumbles upon serious obstacles. The main of them are diseases treatment of which is not compatible with breastfeeding. Sometimes, having begun successfully, breastfeeding is completed in a few months due to various reasons. There are also cases when a mother, due to her own views and beliefs, does not want to breastfeed the baby. In all these cases, the baby grows on artificial feeding- baby formula. That’s why it is important for parents to learn more about formulas for newborns, about their composition and properties.
The fact is that feeding at an early age is a guarantee of the baby’s health for the future. Of course, nothing could be better than mother’s milk, but if, for some reason, the child grows on artificial feeding – the choice of the baby formula must be considered very thoroughly.
Baby Formula Classification
It is very difficult to choose a formula for a child, because nowadays it is presented in a wide range on the market. A new parent might simply get lost among such a huge variety of brands.
So, before you go for such an important purchase, you need to understand the types of baby food. After all, you need to choose a certain formula for each child, in accordance with the age and individual characteristics. All milk formulas are classified in the following way.
By the degree of adaptability
- Highly adapted – consist of milk whey, a number of bioactive substances important for the formation of a small organism. If you choose a baby formula with such a mark, the baby will not have a shortage of high-quality nutrition. Such formulas are recommended from the first days of life.
- Less adapted formulas containing casein (this is a protein characteristic of cow’s milk). Such formulas are made for children of the first six months of life.
- Partially adapted – do not contain dietary supplements. It contains fermented milk, similar in composition to the mother’s milk, but also bacterial enzymes.
- Unadapted – they are made of unprocessed or fresh milk of animals. Not recommended for children under one year.
Medicinal Baby Formulas
- Lactose-free or low-lactose. Assigned to children with reduced lactose activity, lactose intolerance, with diarrhea syndrome, acute intestinal infections, etc.
- Dairy-free, soy formulas. Created for children who do not tolerate lactose, cow milk protein or suffer from galactosemia.
- With whey protein hydrolyzate. Recommended for children with severe allergies, cystic fibrosis, malabsorption syndrome, with deep prematurity, before and after surgery.
- Iron-enriched for anemic, weak children with circulatory problems.
- For children born with little weight or premature.
- Anti-reflux – for the treatment of frequent regurgitation and vomiting.
- Formulas for babies with dysbacteriosis.
- For babies with phenylketonuria.
- Liquid – is ready for feeding, rather expensive, is not stored for long.
- Dry – is in the form of powder. Stored longer, cheaper.
According to statistics, more than 90% of all dairy formulas are dry powders and only 10% of them are liquid.
According to the Age
- The number 0 on the package means that this formula is recommended for premature, sick children with low weight;
- figure 1: from the first day of life to 6 months;
- number 2: from 6 to 12 months;
- number 3: for children older than a year.
All these classifications will tell you what baby formula to choose, so that initially there will be no disappointment. Keep in mind, that the formula has an impact on the health of your baby, so it is better to choose the best option from the first time.
Well, if you have any doubts, some useful tips from pediatricians will allow you not to be mistaken with such an important choice.
To choose the right baby formula, you need to be guided by the opinion of specialists – pediatricians, who understand the importance of this dilemma. If you approach this issue responsibly, you can avoid many mistakes. Therefore, take notes of some helpful tips.
- Before buying any formula, at first, consult your pediatrician, pediatric gastroenterologist or nutritionist.
- Examine the ratings, select the appropriate product, view other parents’ reviews on it.
- The packaging itself will tell parents how to choose a baby formula: it is desirable to be marked as “highly adapted”. It is closest in composition to the mother’s milk.
- Choose a product according to the age of the baby.
- Analyze the composition: starch and sucrose are undesirable, but omega-3.6, prebiotics, probiotics and nucleotides are good.
- If a child suffers from lactase deficiency, allergies or other pathologies, it makes sense to switch to a therapeutic baby formula. But it should be prescribed by a doctor.
- It is recommended to buy baby formulas in pharmacies, specialized departments of supermarkets, and baby food stores.
- Carefully follow the instructions of the product. Pay special attention to dosages.
- Baby formula should be introduced into the baby diet little by little. As soon as you notice deviations in the state of the baby – refuse using this baby formula and continue the search of a better food. Adaptation can take from 3 to 5 days.
- Do not change the formula frequently. If the child responds well to the product, there is no need to change it.
- Keep track of the shelf life of the product.
- As the child grows up, do not change the manufacturer. Buy the same brand, but in a different age category.
Following these recommendations may help you choose the best baby formula. The main thing is to consult with a pediatrician for any concerns. The opinion of a specialist in this matter should be a priority. If the food didn’t suit the baby, you need to see it in time to replace the formula with another product in order to avoid complications.
If the Baby Formula Doesn’t Suit Your Child
Why is it important to choose the right baby formula? The fact is that a badly chosen product is fraught with a number of side effects.
Among them there are the following: a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract, allergic reactions, deterioration of the general condition, etc. To prevent this from happening, it is important to observe the condition of your child. The following factors may indicate the presence of problems:
- frequent regurgitation;
- diarrhea, often with white color (undigested formula);
- rumbling in the stomach, colic, bloating;
- restless behavior, groundless crying, poor sleep;
- allergic skin rash;
- poor weight gain.
Excellent health, physical and mental development without deviations are the main criteria for the fact that there are no problems with nutrition. No wonder pediatricians advise young parents to introduce each new product into the child’s diet gradually.
This allows you to track the reaction of a small organism to it and eliminate the allergen in time.