During pregnancy, every woman should be very careful about her health. This is the period when the organism of every woman is especially vulnerable. Therefore, at the first symptoms of any illness, a pregnant woman must begin treatment. But you need to keep in mind that during pregnancy, a woman cannot take most drugs, as they can harm a future baby. So, what to do if you have a sore throat while pregnant? What diseases can cause it and how should they be treated, so as not to harm the child?
Causes of Sore Throat while Pregnant
Factors affecting the appearance of pain in the throat during pregnancy are divided into three categories:
Small wounds or damage of the mucosa can occur because of too cold or hot drinks, swallowing hard food, strong vocal cord strain and even because of too dry air indoors. Such micro-traumas disappear in a few days and do not need treatment.
This is a serious cause of sore throat while pregnant. Inhalation of cold air, hypothermia of the body form catarrhal pharyngitis, causing pain. At the initial stage, the cold is easily treated with home remedies.
Infection and viruses
These pathogens of the disease pose a big threat to the mother’s and the baby’s health. They enter the human body by airborne droplets. High temperature, sputum in the lungs – all these are symptoms of the development of an infectious disease.
The most common diseases in pregnant women are:
- bacterial infection;
Regardless of the reasons, you must go to the doctor if you have sore throat while pregnant. Only an otolaryngologist and gynecologist can appoint you the right treatment.
When trying to self-treat the sore throat, you can cause great harm to yourself and your child, as many drugs during pregnancy are prohibited.
Sore Throat while Pregnant
In fact, this symptom can indicate a variety of diseases. The most common – are ARD (or cold), influenza, or tonsillitis. Much less common sore throat while pregnant can report the onset of infectious diseases, such as scarlet fever, diphtheria, measles and even rubella. Infectious diseases must be treated only by a specialist, even angina and flu. Therefore, at the first signs of any malaise, it is necessary to consult a doctor. Only an experienced specialist can evaluate all the symptoms, make a diagnosis and recommend an adequate treatment.
Is it Dangerous?
Of course, the sore throat while pregnant cannot harm the developing child. At the same time, the cause of its occurrence may be dangerous to the health of the future baby. For example, viruses in the mother’s blood can easily enter the child’s body.
Consequences of the disease, appearing in the form of complications, for example, from the angina can be dangerous too.
Sore throat while pregnant is the cause of concern for every future mother. And since any anxious condition of a pregnant woman affects the child, anxiety leaves a mark on the baby’s health, as well. Therefore, a pregnant woman must take care of her nervous system. Having sore throat while pregnant can bring worries because most drugs are not compatible with pregnancy. At the same time, there are other ways of treating sore throat while pregnant.
How to Get Rid of a Sore Throat while Pregnant?
Treatment of the throat can be divided into a local – gargling, lozenges and pills, spraying, applying medicinal solutions to the tonsils, and general – carrying out detoxification therapy, symptomatic treatment of hyperthermia and, if necessary, antiviral drugs and antibiotics.
Many pharmacy drugs are contraindicated for pregnant women, so most often with mild forms of acute respiratory disease, the doctor will recommend bed rest, plenty of warm drinks and frequent rinsing of the throat.
Home Remedies for Sore Throat while Pregnant
There are many proven, home remedies, which can help you cope with the pain in the throat, while not harming you and the future baby.
Everyone knows that honey is very effective and useful in treating cold. It does not pose any danger to a pregnant woman. A solution of honey with the addition of soda is very useful for treating sore throat. Heat the water to 40 degrees, add a spoonful of honey and a spoonful of soda (baking). Mix it well and rinse your throat. The procedure should be repeated every hour. If everything is done correctly, then the pain will decrease during the day.
Make yourself a cup of tea and add honey and lemon. Lemon helps break up the mucous that’s contributing to your sore throat. Honey coats the irritated throat, helping to cough less. Honey and lemon together can ease your pain temporarily. So, if symptoms of sore throat keep bothering you, you can drink such tea several times per day.
Salt Water Gargle
Mix one tablespoon of salt into a pint of warm water and gargle it several times per day. It will help to hydrate membranes in the throat and soothe irritation.
Chamomile is a natural sore throat remedy. As it is an herbal tea (i.e. caffeine-free), it’s generally safe for pregnant women. Chamomile helps kill bacteria and also works as a natural pain-reliever by alleviating inflammation and soothing irritation.
Chamomile tea is one of the most effective ways to maximize the benefits of this flower. Simply boil 1 cup of water, add a chamomile teabag, and let it steep for at least 5 minutes. Add honey for a little sweetness and extra relief.
Some chamomile teas contain other herbs, so be sure to carefully study the ingredients on the label. Certain herbs are not suitable for pregnant women. So, try to choose products that contain only chamomile flowers.
Be sure to consult your doctor before drinking herbal teas, including chamomile.
Ginger has natural antibacterial and antifungal properties. It eases inflammation, and, as a result, can provide you with the pain relief. Ginger can also clear away excess mucus while boosting circulation and making it easier for your body to flush out toxins.
Simply boil a cup of water, add about an inch of fresh ginger (peel it first), steep for 5 minutes, and enjoy. You can also add a teaspoon of honey for sweetness and to coat the throat. Feel free to add a sprig of fresh mint for extra flavor and soothing relief.
In addition to relieving pain in the throat, lemon juice saturates the body with vitamin C. You need to take honey, ordinary water, and half a lemon. Squeeze the juice out of the lemon, add the boiled water into it and dissolve the spoon of honey. Rinse the throat with a mixed solution. The main disadvantage of this way of treating sore throat while pregnant is heartburn. It can occur because the stomach of a woman during pregnancy is very vulnerable. Do not be frightened. If a feeling of tingling in the throat occurs during rinsing, this is absolutely normal.
Consequences of Sore Throat while Pregnant
No matter how sad it may sound, but in most cases we don’t pay much attention to our health. It is especially dangerous when pregnant women do not take care of their health. After all, they are responsible not only for themselves, but also for the baby. If the first symptoms of the disease occur, including sore throat while pregnant, the future mother should know that the consequences may be really harmful. For example, angina and pharyngitis, not treated during pregnancy, can lead to the threat of abortion or premature birth. Keep in mind that, at the initial stages of the inflammatory process in the pharynx you can still do with traditional methods of treatment without causing any harm to the baby. At the same time, in severe cases the woman will have to take serious medications that can have a very negative impact on the pregnancy in the future.
Medical Treatment of Sore Throat while Pregnant
What if home remedies are ineffective or the inflammatory process has already started? First of all, a woman should immediately consult a doctor. Do not engage in self-medication. The delay can lead to the progression of the inflammatory process, which can result in severe angina. The development of complications of inflammation of the pharynx often demands treatment with antibiotics. It can cause irreparable harm to the health of the future baby.
- To protect yourself from health problems during pregnancy, you need to take care of proper prevention. As you know, it is much easier to prevent a disease than to treat it.
- Drink vitamin teas. They are perfect for the prevention of colds. The most useful ones are those that contain rosehips rich in vitamin C. This vitamin boosts the immune system and strengthens the body in general.
- Clean the air in your room.
- Walk more in the fresh air. Air the room as often as possible, even in winter.
Nutrition during Illness
- Pregnant women need to follow a balanced diet. Take vitamins, eat soups and sour-milk products more often. You must make sure that your child receives all the necessary elements.
- In order to quickly cure the disease, drink at least two liters of water per day, as well as tea with lemon, fruit drinks and mineral water.
- It may happen that you have too many toxins in your body. In this case you can be taken to the hospital for detoxification for a few days.
- During treatment of sore throat while pregnant, first of all, think about the health and safety of your child.
- Do not engage in self-treatment. Do not take any medications without consulting the doctor.
- Visit a doctor who will prescribe you really effective and harmless medications. Only in this way you can get rid of the disease.