Nowadays there is a variety of birth control means. One of the most popular among women is birth control pills. Like any other contraceptive method, they have their advantages and disadvantages. In this article, we will talk about one of the types of birth control pills – Sprintec birth control.
How Do Birth Control Pills Work?
Contraceptive pills have a combination of female sex hormones (that’s why sometimes they are called combined oral contraceptives). Daily intake of these hormones changes the work of the ovaries, preventing the maturation of the follicle and the release of the egg. As a result, ovulation does not occur, and pregnancy becomes impossible.
In addition, birth control pills thicken the mucus in the cervical canal. Due to this spermatozoa cannot penetrate into the uterus and fertilize the egg.
Even if ovulation has occurred, the spermatozoon has penetrated into the fallopian tube and fertilized the egg, the embryo cannot attach itself to the uterine cavity because the mucous membrane of the uterus becomes very thin against the background of taking the contraceptive pills.
Who Can Take the Pills?
Oral contraceptives in our time are not only a method of preventing unwanted pregnancies but also a means of treating many female diseases. Therefore, sometimes contraceptive pills are prescribed even to girls who do not live a sexual life.
There are more than 50 types of contraceptive pills, created for women of any age. That is why taking these pills is usually safe.
What Is Sprintec Birth Control?
Sprintec birth control is a combination drug that contains female hormones. These hormones prevent ovulation (the release of an egg from an ovary).
Commonly Used Brand Name(s) are Estarylla, MonoNessa, Ortho-Cyclen, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Ortho Tri-Cyclen Lo, Previfem, Sprintec, Tri-Lo-Sprintec, TriNessa, TriNessa 28, Tri-Previfem, Tri-Sprintec.
Sprintec birth control pill contains two types of hormones: ethinyl estradiol and norgestimate. The pills help to prevent unwanted pregnancy. The hormones contained in the pills stop a woman’s egg from full development each month. The egg can no longer accept sperm and fertilization (pregnancy) cannot occur.
Ethinyl estradiol and norgestimate combination is also used for the treatment of acne in females. But only by those who are at least 15 years of age, who started having a menstrual period and also want to use the pills for birth control.
It’s not a secret that none of the contraceptive means is 100 % effective. That’s why it makes sense to discuss different options for birth control with your doctor.
Sprintec birth control does not protect from HIV infection or other sexually transmitted diseases. Also, these pills will not help as emergency contraception, such as after unprotected sexual contact.
Proper Use of Sprintec Birth Control
It is very important to use Sprintec birth control exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more or less than needed. Do not use it longer than your doctor prescribed.
It’s important to understand that birth control pills must be taken according to a strict schedule. Sprintec birth control comes with detailed instructions. Carefully read and follow all of them. If you still have any questions consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Sprintec birth control is sold in blister packs with a tablet dispenser. Each blister pack contains 28 tablets that need to be taken in the same order as directed on the blister pack. Take the pills every day at the same time. Birth control pills work much better if no more than 24 hours pass between doses. Do not skip or delay taking your pill. Keep in mind that if you miss a dose, you can get pregnant.
You may feel sick or nauseated during the first few months of taking Sprintec birth control. If nausea doesn’t stop, consult your doctor.
Use & Storage
- It is better to keep the pills in a closed container, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Prevent from freezing.
- Keep out of reach of children.
- Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
It is very important to check your progress by regular visits to your doctor to make sure that the pills are working properly and do not cause unwanted effects.
It is forbidden to take Sprintec birth control pills during pregnancy. If you think you got pregnant while using the medicine, immediately tell your doctor. Make sure your doctor knows if you had given birth within 4 weeks before you start using this medicine.
Vaginal bleeding may occur between regular menstrual periods during the first 3 months of Sprintec birth control use. Usually, there is nothing wrong. If this occurs, keep on following regular dosing schedule. The bleeding usually stops within 1 week. If it takes longer, consult your doctor.
Also, there is a need to talk to your doctor if you miss a menstrual period. Missed periods may occur if you skip one or more pills or have not taken your pills exactly as directed. If you miss two periods in a row, you might need a pregnancy test.
If you suspect that you can be pregnant, stop taking this medicine immediately.
Do not use Sprintec birth control if you smoke cigarettes or if you are over 35 years. If you smoke while using birth control pills, you increase your risk of having blood clots, heart attack, or stroke. Your risk is even higher if you are over 35, if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or if you are overweight.
Immediately consult your doctor if you have pain in the chest or legs, difficulty breathing, a sudden, severe headache, slurred speech, a sudden, unexplained shortness of breath, a sudden loss of coordination, or vision changes.
- Age over 35 years
- Cardiac ailments
- Blood clotting diseases
- Complications of diabetes mellitus
- Ailments of gallbladder
- Malignancy of the breast/womb
- Abnormal bleeding from the vagina
- Intense migraine
- Insufficiently active thyroid gland
- Liver pathology
- A record of jaundice secondary to pregnancy/contraceptive pills
- History of gloominess/convulsions/tuberculosis
- Breast ailments
- Restriction of movement for extended periods after major surgeries
- An alleged pregnancy
- Allergy to any constituent of this preparation
What Are the Side-Effects of Sprintec Birth Control Pills?
- Venous thrombosis
- Arterial thrombosis
- Heart attack
- Bleeding from a ruptured blood vessel in the brain
- Tumors in the liver
The list of relatively less serious side-effects:
- Abnormal absence of menstruation
- Weight gain or weight loss
- Altered degree of curves of the cornea
- Fungal infection of the vulva
- Inability to tolerate contact lenses
- Altered desire for food
- Abnormal growth of hair on the face and body of the woman who uses this method of birth control
- Pre-menstrual syndrome comprising emotive and sensitive symptoms linked to the menstrual cycle of women
The conventional side-effects of sprintec birth control pills include headaches, stomachaches, spasms, dizziness, vulval aches, excessive fluid in the vulva, increased vaginal fluids, and painful breasts, staining between menstrual periods, improvement or deterioration of acne.
Sprintec birth control is contraindicated during pregnancy. Therefore, not only it may influence milk production, but also produce adverse results on the baby who is being breastfed. It is better to seek the advice of your healthcare practitioner prior to initiation of breastfeeding.