Doctors recommend sun therapy with the baby, during the first month of life. Exposure to sunlight should be for 15 minutes, three times a day. But the key is in the first eight days of the child’s life. It is advisable to take the newborn in a diaper so that he receives the sun throughout his body.
The right time to expose the baby to the sun is between 7:00 and 9:00 in the morning and after 4:30 in the afternoon. This therapy is important because it prevents jaundice, a disease that occurs because the liver of most babies is immature and cannot eliminate bilirubin completely, which produces a yellowish tone on your skin and makes you sleepy.
Doctors advise mothers to breastfeed because of the high nutritional value of breast milk. It contributes water to the child and contributes to its growth. This is the food that must be supplied during the first six months of life. Afterwards, complementary foods such as compotes and fresh fruit can be added to the diet. If the baby loses fluids, it can become dehydrated. The symptoms are dark yellow urine, sunken eyes, sparse saliva, and few tears. In this case, you should continue with breastfeeding and give sugary or salty water (pediatric saline solution).
Early stimulation consists of exercising the upper and lower extremities with circular movements, at least three times a day, during the first six months of life. This strengthens the communication between the child and the mother. The doctors advise not to split the baby, nor to tie it since it has been detected that this is one of the most common practices on the part of the mothers of family.
- In the first days of life, the hygiene of the baby is also very important.
- It is recommended to clean the navel with alcohol three times a day.
- Iodine should not be used in this case.
- The genitals also are cleaned very carefully to avoid infections.
The mosquito net
- The use of the awning prevents particles of dust from entering.
- It also prevents infections by insect bites.
- It is advisable to wash the awning every three days.
- BCG is against Tuberculosis. It is applied only once intradermally and does not require reinforcements.
- HBV is a biologic against hepatitis B. It is administered in three doses, to achieve lasting immunity. The first applies shortly after birth.
- Next comes the DTaP, which are three shots in one shot: diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough. It is supplied in 5 doses.
- IPV prevents polio. It is offered in injection and is supplied in four doses.
- The Hib vaccine prevents type B influenza. 3 to 4 doses are given.
- MMR prevents measles, mumps, and rubella. It is supplied in 2 doses.
- PCV protects against a type of bacteria that causes ear infections. 4 doses are given to infants and children learning to walk.
- The Td vaccine is used as a booster for the DTaP vaccine. Prevents tetanus and diphtheria. It is offered when the child is 11 years of age or older and every 10 years throughout their life.
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