What is Gastropathy? Symptoms, Types and Treatment

The medical word for stomach conditions, particularly those that damage the mucosal lining of your stomach, is gastropathy.

There are numerous different varieties of gastropathy, some of which are not dangerous. It is important to schedule a doctor’s appointment if your stomach issues persist.

They’ll assist you in identifying the root cause so you can start treating the problem. Continue reading to discover more about the typical signs and symptoms of gastropathy.

What are the Symptoms of Gastropathy?

Gastropathy can result in a number of symptoms, depending on the underlying cause, including:

  • Diarrhoea, cramps, nausea, vomiting,
  • Weight loss, heartburn, feeling full after meals, gas
  • Food regurgitation, chest pain, acid reflux, indigestion, bloating, and GERD

What are the Different Types of Gastropathy?

The etiology of gastropathy might vary widely. The following conditions can occasionally result in gastropathy:

Gastritis

Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. Helicobacter pylori infections are frequently to blame. It can, however, also result from taking too much alcohol and from some drugs.

If left untreated, it can develop gradually or suddenly and may result in stomach ulcers.

Gastro Paresis

A disorder known as gastro paresis occurs when your stomach muscles are unable to effectively drive food through your digestive system.

This prevents your stomach from emptying itself, which can cause digestion to sluggishly or even cease. Even if you haven’t eaten in a while, you could feel sick to your stomach and too full when this occurs.

Gastro paresis is frequently linked to neurological impairment brought on by long-term diseases like diabetes.

Gastroenteritis

An alternative term for a stomach bug or stomach flu is gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis is typically brought on by a bacterial or viral infection.

It usually spreads by contaminated food or contact with the virus or bacteria from an infected person.

Peptic Ulcer

A peptic ulcer is a sore that appears on the mucosal lining of your stomach or the top portion of your small intestine, sometimes known as the duodenum.

Typically, an H. pylori infection is to blame. They may also result from overusing over-the-counter drugs like aspirin and ibuprofen.

Stomach Cancer

A portion of your stomach is where stomach cancer first develops. Adenocarcinomas, which originate in your stomach’s innermost lining, are the most common type of stomach cancer.

If you have Stomach cancer then don’t get worried, Marham’s best gastroenterologist is here, click right now to book a meeting.

cancer

Portal Hypertensive Gastropathy

The complication of elevated blood pressure in your portal veins, which transport blood to your liver, is known as portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG).

This interferes with the blood supply to your stomach lining, making it more susceptible to injury. PHG can occasionally be linked to liver cirrhosis.

How is Gastropathy Diagnosed?

Your doctor can perform a number of tests if you exhibit gastropathy symptoms to assist identify the underlying reason. These consist of:

Endoscopy

To inspect the upper portion of your digestive system, your doctor will use an endoscope, a long tube with a camera at the end.

H. Pylori Test

To check for H. pylori bacteria, your doctor may collect a sample of your stool or breathe.
Upper gastrointestinal series

This procedure entails having X-rays taken after ingesting barium, a liquid that is chalky and aids your doctor in seeing your upper gastrointestinal tract.

Gastric Emptying Study

A little dinner laced with a trace amount of radioactive material will be served to you. The speed at which the radioactive material travels through your digestive system will then be monitored using a scanner.

Ultrasound

A transducer wand will be applied to your abdomen by your doctor. The scanner’s sound waves are converted by a computer into pictures of your digestive tract.

Endoscopic Ultrasound

This entails feeding an endoscope into your stomach through your mouth while it is attached to a transducer wand. This provides a sharper picture of the lining of your stomach.

Biopsy

During an endoscopy, if your doctor has a suspicion that you may have cancer, they will remove a small tissue sample to be examined for cancer cells.

Doctor-Biopsy-on-the-Patient

How is Gastropathy Treated?

Gastropathy treatment depends on what’s causing your condition. Most causes require lifestyle changes, medication, surgery, or a combination of these.

Lifestyle Changes

You might be able to control the signs of your stomach illness by making some changes to your everyday routine. Your physician might advise you to:

  • Eat fewer fatty foods,
  • stay away from spicy foods,
  • cut back on salt intake,
  • cut out alcohol,
  • drink more water,
  • incorporate probiotic foods like kimchi and miso into your diet,
  • stay away from dairy,
  • avoid certain medications like aspirin and ibuprofen,
  • And eat smaller meals several times throughout the day.

Medication

Your doctor may suggest prescription or over-the-counter treatments depending on the underlying reason of your gastropathy.

While some medicines help you manage the symptoms of gastropathy, others attempt to treat the underlying cause.

The following medications may occasionally be used to treat gastropathy:

  • Proton pump inhibitors
  • Antibiotics, and antacids are all possible treatments for GERD.
  • Chemotherapy
  • Diabetes medications
  • Blood pressure medications
  • Histamine blockers
  • Cytoprotective agents to protect the lining of your stomach
  • Medicines to stimulate stomach muscles
  • Anti-nausea

Surgery

Surgery is needed for more severe cases of gastropathy, such malignancy. Your doctor can do surgery to remove as much malignant tissue as possible if you have stomach cancer. In some circumstances, they might remove all or a portion of your stomach.

Additionally, your doctor might advise an operation known as pyloroplasty, which enlarges the passageway that joins your stomach and small intestine. Peptic ulcers and gastroparesis may benefit from this.

Final Words

Stomach illnesses are collectively referred to as gastropathy. There are numerous varieties, from common stomach bugs to cancer. Make an appointment with Marham’s best doctor to determine the cause of any stomach ache or discomfort that persists after a few days.